Part Four – Exercise 4.3: Affirmation & Creation

In your own words (one brief paragraph) say why you think creation and affirmation are linked here.

“In the Beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (John 1:1)


Creation is Affirmation of Being

The above quote from the Bible expresses how the word, i.e. the thought as an idea, was first and became realised through God. The following genesis is the representation of the initial thought that makes the difference and, as Deleuze stated, to actualise a becoming. God created the world as a difference unmediated by preceding identities. Through the ability, the potential of this thought was affirmed.

In context of Deleuze, one could consider a sequence of creation based on a ‘multiplicity of elements’ that lead towards propositions that become affirmed through the created realisation. This sequence is not a dead end, but rather a recursive loop enabling through further reflection generation of new and different ideas.

For Newman the gesture of the ‘original man’ was an intentional ‘poetic gesture’ unmediated by social interaction or preceding representations and significations. This gesture can be seen as the immanent expression of an original drive of human being and a desire to create. Therefore, being is the power to create and it can be seen as an act of one’s vitality[1].

The base, or the ground from which all ideas are realised is a non-differentiated base, a pool of potentials and future ‘becoming’. The act of creation is ‘making a difference from difference’ in the words of Bateson. Being creative means enabling new and different perspectives unknown so far. In that sense to create means to be unique, but not in a sense of being first.

In conclusion, one can say that creation is the affirmation of the potential and the dynamic power of human being, it makes the difference from a difference. This drive and vitality precedes the creation itself, i.e. the act of creation gets affirmed.


 “I think in terms of forces and volumes moving in time and space” – Albert Einstein, when he was asked whether he thinks in words or picture (Stern, 2010, p.6)


(Word count: 284)


[1] Deleuze alongside other e.g. Bataille, Bergson, and Kristeva are considered as theorists of a ‘vitalist-inspired thought’ (Lechte, 2008). Characteristic for them are the original drive of human beings and a focus on energy dimension of active and ever-changing life.

Vitality is a key element in Stern’s book Vitality of Life (Stern, 2010). For him, the vital and dynamic energy of life is constituted of five Gestalt elements: movement, time, force, space, intention/direction. He relates this to art, especially to time-based art e.g. dance, music, and cinema.

A common aspect of Deleuze and Stern is a temporal spatial exploration and expression of life. In the sense of a dynamic articulation and realization of future becoming. Drive or desire are the forces behind the constant changes.




  • Lechte, J. (2008) Fifty Key Contemporary Thinkers: From Structuralism to Post-Humanism, 2nd ed. London; New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Stern, D. N. (2010) Forms of Vitality: Exploring dynamic Experience in Psychology, the Arts, Psychotherapy, and Development. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.


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