A visual comparision of Modernism and Postmodernism. Most taken from Butler (2002). Surprised that a few aspects are shared between both
- Postmodernism is not an era that followed chronologically Modernism. A few aspects relevant for Postmodern theory occured already begin 20th century (Duchamp, Dada, Surrealism).
- Postmodernism is based on multicultural pluralism and relativism
- Postmodernism can be seen as a moral institution (questioning political and ideological bias), but without an ethical base (as it does not provide insight how to live after all is deconstructed). I would perhaps see it rather as a method?
- Postmodernism theory is a kind of dialectic philosophy. I am wondering whether an artist need to be a philosopher as Plato stated in Politea (The Republic) that the guardians of the city should be philosopher.
- Postmodernism theory led often to a culture of feeling themselves as victims (Robert Hughes in: Butler, 2002, p.59). The focus on difference encourages a focus on marginalization and feeling oneself marginalized.
- Postmodernism ignores the ‘self as constituted by an original idiosyncratic narrative of self’ and enforces the view expressed by M. Foucault of the self constituted by ideologically motivated discourses of power (ebid, p.58).
- Butler, C. (2002) Postmodernism: A Very Short Introduction, Very Short Introductions. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.