Part Three – Exercise 3.7: Jeff Koons and Simulacrum

Write a paragraph on a single work by Koons according to what you understand of the simulacrum. (400 words)

For this exercise I choose one of the most famous sculptures by Jeff Koons from his series Banality from 1988. The main reason for selection was that I find it tremendously ambiguous and coherent the same time – as if the two people Michael Jackson and Jeff Koons are merged into one’ celebrity’. Whether Koons intended to do so or not, I don’t know, and it wouldn’t matter at all. A fantastic work of postmodern pastiche and intertextuality.  Both of the same generation, born in the 1950s, both fully embedded and embracing popular culture.

Jeff Koons (1988) Michael Jackson and Bubbles

The bit more than life size sculpture depicts the pop singer and dancer Michael Jackson (1958 – 2009) and his close pet friend Bubbles, the ground covered with flower items. Jackson was dubbed the ‘King of Pop’.  The sculpture is part of Koons’ series Banality.

Jeff Koons (1988) <em>Michael Jackson and Bubbles</em>, porcelain - © Jeff Koons

Fig. 1: Jeff Koons (1988) Michael Jackson and Bubbles, porcelain – © Jeff Koons ( – the Materials are made available for limited noncommercial, educational, and personal use only, or for fair use as defined in United States copyright laws)

Ceramic, glaze, and paint (42 x 70 1/2 x 32 1/2 inches / 106.7 x 179.1 x 82.6 cm)
© Jeff Koons, Edition of 3 plus AP, 1988 –




– as download pdf

Preparatory work

Mindmap, association and links:

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - Jeff Koons and Simulacra

Fig.2.: Stefan513593 – Part 3 – Jeff Koons and Simulacra


References : in pdf document

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