Category: Part 3: Sign, Representation, Constructivism

Part Three – Exercise 3.9: House: Indexical Sign

In what sense is Whiteread’s House indexical and why does this matter for an interpretation of the work? Would someone overlooking this feature be wrong or would that simply be a different interpretation? “A politically embarrassing monument to an impoverished history and standing in the way of the construction of a less threatening green space.” – S. Thacker Introduction Sarah…

Part Three – Exercise 3.8: Nature is Culture

What does it mean to say nature is culture? Can there be one without the other? What would it be like? Look up the term ‘binary opposition’ – does this apply to nature and culture? Write this in three paragraphs – for, against and a conclusion. In preparation for this argumentation and with deeper exploration of related topics see my preparatory…

Preparational thoughts for Exercise 3.8: Nature is Culture / Binary opposites, signs and meaning

Binary opposites, sign, representation and meaning  When people see things as beautiful, ugliness is created. When people see things as good, evil is created. Being and non-being produce each other. Difficult and easy complement each other. Long and short define each other. High and low oppose each other. Fore and aft follow each other. Tao Te Ching Binary oppositions: A…

Part Three – Exercise 3.7: Jeff Koons and Simulacrum

Write a paragraph on a single work by Koons according to what you understand of the simulacrum. (400 words) For this exercise I choose one of the most famous sculptures by Jeff Koons from his series Banality from 1988. The main reason for selection was that I find it tremendously ambiguous and coherent the same time – as if the…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - Meaning and attribution

Part Three – Exercise 3.6: Misrepresentation

Reflect on this last sentence in as many words as necessary to form your own judgement. ‘One cannot say the world is socially constructed and say there are misrepresentations.’ “Postmodern knowledge is not simply a tool of the authorities; it refines our sensitivity to differences and reinforces our ability to tolerate the incommensurable.” –  J.-F. Lyotard Introduction: How to read…

Preparatary notes for Exercise 3.6: Misrepresentations

Conditions for Critical Thinking In an earlier post on the relativism in context of ‘fake news’ and divergent opinions and the challenges in postmodern education I reflected an article in the Swiss newspaper NZZ (Otto, 2017) – click here. This seems to be quite spot on the for my answer of the question of misrepresentations in a socially constructed world. Postmodern…

SJSchaffeld (2017) Prayers's Rock, pencil and pen on paper (A4)

Artificial Intelligence – Amendment Exercise 3.5

After posting my last exercise work on Artificial versus Human Intelligence I read in the last issus of Smithsonian an article about the technology center in Korea (Shteyngart, 2017).  Seoul, the capital of South Korea, with nearly half of the population living in the 25 Million metropol. A country addicted to the sense of perfection as the hero in the TV show …

Fig. 1: The graph depicts the uncanny valley, the proposed relation between the human likeness of an entity and the perceiver's affinity for it.

Part Three – Exercise 3.5: Artificial Intelligence

Does the prospect of artificial intelligence make us doubt the authenticity of human intelligence or is it forever a copy or fake version of human intelligence? Give reasons for both arguments. If you have the opportunity watch the film Bladerunner as a fictional account of the problem. Look up the term ‘uncanny valley’ as another prompt to thought. What a…

Part Three – Exercise 3.4: Origins

Write 10 sentences containing any of the following words: origin, original or originality. Is the meaning much the same in each example or are there significant differences? Briefly comment on your findings. Meaning of origin, original and originality   The origin of the world is unknown The origin of the river Rhine is far away in the Alps The artist was…

Alain Egyptian Life Class. Drawing by Alain (1955, 1983) by The New Yorker Magazine, Inc.

Part Three – Exercise 3.3: Meta-Pictures

Find and collate 10 diverse examples of meta-painting from the 17th century to the present. End of last year till the beginning of this the Prado in Madrid featured an exhibition with the title Meta-painting. A Journey to the Idea of Art.  I didn’t attend but looking and reading the webpage was quite beneficial for this exercise on meta-painting. especially in…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - log - Presentation

Representation

While re-reading the course material (pp.72-74) I had some critical remarks on some statements. Presentation as related to presence in time and space: => This seems to be a rather a realist and materialistic perspective that the ‘model’ had to be physicially there with the artist. I would rather widen this perspective with the phenomenlogical term  ‘noema’ (Husserl etc.) that…

Fig. 2: Martin Irvine: Visual Culture Map (2005-2011)- http://faculty.georgetown.edu/irvinem/CCT510/VisualCulture-TheoryMap-Disciplines.html

Part Three – Exercise 3.2: Art and/or Visual Culture

Do you think art is and will remain a distinct category or is it best seen as a species of visual culture? List reasons for and against a distinct category. How many ways could ‘best seen as’ be understood? Aesthetically, morally, socially? An academic overview: I do feel that Visual Culture as studies of humanities and social studies are related…

Stefan513593 - 3.1 - Similarities and Differences-log1

Part Three – Exercise 3.1: Emerson / Searle

Can you see a connection between Emerson’s remarks and the view expressed by Searle in chapter one? Where do their views overlap and where do they differ? You could address this in three columns – one for each author either side of a column of similarities. The differences will be those points that are not similarities. “No truth can be…