On the way to Plato's Cave – and perhaps out of it. An allegory of light and shadow in an intelligent world of knowledge and simulacrum.

My last assignment 2 went quite well. I revisited my working habits, reflected on my critical thinking skills and applied more academic rigour to my essay writing skills. I think it was worth the additional efforts and time spent. Postmodernism, Representation and semiotics will challenge me in this part. Challenging postmodern texts, not easy to read at all, and a critical self-reflection on how all of this will impact not only visual culture reception but also art and more my own art practice. I have no idea how my essay will look like, making up my mind while walking through the course.

Stefan513593 - Prep Assignment3 - Plato - Sketch of modern cave

Assignment 3 Preparation: Developing arguments – draft state

The assignment task was to review the relevance of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave in today’s society. I looked at a wider scope of Plato’s motivation and Platonism in a cultural and philosophical background. Possible ways of answering where provided in the course material (guidance or restrictions?) by living in the dark, collective manipulation and resemblance of shadows with television…

Notes: Preparation A3 – Reality experience and embodied meaning

Introduction My research so far left me with an unsettling feeling that all theorists from Plato to Deleuze, the structuralists and post-structuralists were very much looking from a logocentric perspective. The tradition was based on the concept that language and writing followed ideas, other as the structuralists were taken the positions that meaning is the effect of language (Belsey, 2002,…

Stefan513593 - Prep Assignment3 - Plato - Simile of the Cave

Notes: Preparation A3 – Allegory of the Cave

My working thesis Reality perception a question of power  I looked at Plato and The Republic alongside the Simile of the Sun and the Divided Line in a previous post Here I will take the essence from the Allegory of the Cave, as part of my brainstorming and initial essay outline I read it once. I figured out that through…

Notes: Preparation A3 – Plato and a dualistic philosophy / The Republic

Plato (around 428  BC – around 348 BC) was student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle and founder of the Academy in Athens. I wanted to understand more about the motivation and rationale behind Plato’s Politeia (The Republic). What was the background for him and what the idea that made him to write the Allegory of the Cave? As Deleuze…

CHECK: Planned reading list for part 3: June-July 2017

Important for understanding and introduction Pooke, Newall Art History: The Basics (Chapter 4 ‘Semiotics and poststructuralism’)  – Done Christopher Butler Postmodernism – Very Short Introduction – Done C. Freeland Art Theory – Very Short Introductio‘ – in progress C. Belsey Poststructuralism – Very Short Introduction – Done D. Chandler Semiotics – the basics – Done Bryson, Holly, Mosey Visual Theory – in progress Relevant for coursework…

Notes: Preparation A3 – Reality in film, between fiction and manipulation

In preparation for my assignment essay with regards to ‘shadows’ of reality on screens (TV, cinema) and the way we perceive or conceive reality, facts, and truth, I want to look on another category of visual culture: Documentary and Reality TV and how those provide us with illusions or delusions “Mirror with a Memory” – O. W. Holmes Holmes notion on photography…

Notes: The Matrix

It is quite some time ago since I’ve seen Matrix the last time. Actually, I cannot recall it. The film is mentioned in the course material relating to simulacrcum and articulate intelligence with some relations to Plato’s cave and Baudrillard’s rather dystopian description of simulacrum reality. I was curious to see what to take from it. One aspect became very…

Part Three – Exercise 3.9: House: Indexical Sign

In what sense is Whiteread’s House indexical and why does this matter for an interpretation of the work? Would someone overlooking this feature be wrong or would that simply be a different interpretation? “A politically embarrassing monument to an impoverished history and standing in the way of the construction of a less threatening green space.” – S. Thacker Introduction Sarah…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - Representation matrix extended (Mitchell, 1987)

Notes: Preparation A3 – Representation (2)

Based on my previous reflections on Representation I researched more and read Mitchell’s argumentation on iconology (Mitchell, 1987) as I find it most relevant in understanding Plato’s Allegory of the Cave. How do we make image of objects? What is representation, what imagination, what illusion? How do we know what is real? It gave me some better understanding to see where…

Part Three – Exercise 3.8: Nature is Culture

What does it mean to say nature is culture? Can there be one without the other? What would it be like? Look up the term ‘binary opposition’ – does this apply to nature and culture? Write this in three paragraphs – for, against and a conclusion. In preparation for this argumentation and with deeper exploration of related topics see my preparatory…

Preparational thoughts for Exercise 3.8: Nature is Culture / Binary opposites, signs and meaning

Binary opposites, sign, representation and meaning  When people see things as beautiful, ugliness is created. When people see things as good, evil is created. Being and non-being produce each other. Difficult and easy complement each other. Long and short define each other. High and low oppose each other. Fore and aft follow each other. Tao Te Ching Binary oppositions: A…

Part Three – Exercise 3.7: Jeff Koons and Simulacrum

Write a paragraph on a single work by Koons according to what you understand of the simulacrum. (400 words) For this exercise I choose one of the most famous sculptures by Jeff Koons from his series Banality from 1988. The main reason for selection was that I find it tremendously ambiguous and coherent the same time – as if the…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - Meaning and attribution

Part Three – Exercise 3.6: Misrepresentation

Reflect on this last sentence in as many words as necessary to form your own judgement. ‘One cannot say the world is socially constructed and say there are misrepresentations.’ “Postmodern knowledge is not simply a tool of the authorities; it refines our sensitivity to differences and reinforces our ability to tolerate the incommensurable.” –  J.-F. Lyotard Introduction: How to read…

Preparatary notes for Exercise 3.6: Misrepresentations

Conditions for Critical Thinking In an earlier post on the relativism in context of ‘fake news’ and divergent opinions and the challenges in postmodern education I reflected an article in the Swiss newspaper NZZ (Otto, 2017) – click here. This seems to be quite spot on the for my answer of the question of misrepresentations in a socially constructed world. Postmodern…

SJSchaffeld (2017) Prayers's Rock, pencil and pen on paper (A4)

Artificial Intelligence – Amendment Exercise 3.5

After posting my last exercise work on Artificial versus Human Intelligence I read in the last issus of Smithsonian an article about the technology center in Korea (Shteyngart, 2017).  Seoul, the capital of South Korea, with nearly half of the population living in the 25 Million metropol. A country addicted to the sense of perfection as the hero in the TV show …

Fig. 1: The graph depicts the uncanny valley, the proposed relation between the human likeness of an entity and the perceiver's affinity for it.

Part Three – Exercise 3.5: Artificial Intelligence

Does the prospect of artificial intelligence make us doubt the authenticity of human intelligence or is it forever a copy or fake version of human intelligence? Give reasons for both arguments. If you have the opportunity watch the film Bladerunner as a fictional account of the problem. Look up the term ‘uncanny valley’ as another prompt to thought. What a…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - Comparision Modernism and Postmodernism

Notes: Modernism versus Postmodernism in Art

A visual comparision of Modernism and Postmodernism. Most taken from Butler (2002). Surprised that a few aspects are shared between both     Conclusion: Postmodernism is not an era that followed chronologically Modernism. A few aspects relevant for Postmodern theory occured already begin 20th century (Duchamp, Dada, Surrealism). Postmodernism is based on  multicultural pluralism and relativism Postmodernism can be seen…

Notes: Thoughts on Post-Modernism

“Meaning is generated by socially encoded and constructed discursive practices that mediate reality so much that they effectively close off access to it.” – Alun Munslow The following thoughts are my reflection related to the content described on Postmodernism by Sturken and Cartwright (2009, chapter 8) as well as by Butler (2002, chapter 1 and 2) Deconstruction and Jacques Derrida:…

Notes: Machinocene and artificial intelligence

It seems as if I am more sensible in reading articles in newspapers related to the coursework now. It  just happened that a few days after the ‘Transhumanism’ article appeared, I read in the Swiss newspaper NZZ (22  June 2017) an article by Eduard Kaeser, a scientist and philosopher, about ‘Auf der Schwelle zum Maschinozän / At the threshold towards machinocene‘…

Notes: Humanistic critique of Transhumanism

In scope of the course work and the question of artificial versus human intelligence I read recently an article in the Swiss newspaper NZZ (19  June 2017) about ‘Wider den Transhumanismus / Against Transhumanism‘ Transhumanism can be described as a movement aiming to transform human conditions of life by developing enhanced technologies. They consider this as an evolutionary development towards ‘posthuman’…

Stefan513593 - 'Self & Other' - photo

Project: Collaborative work with SJField on ‘Self & Other’

  “Self and other give birth to each other …[ ]… beyond separation one is always subscribed in the other…” – V. A. Conley, Helene Cisoux – Writing the Feminine, 1984   Here my contribution to the project work development, my reflection and further thoughts on responses by Sarah-Jane.     Copyright:  © SJField and SJSchaffeld, 2017. All images without caption:…

Part Three – Exercise 3.4: Origins

Write 10 sentences containing any of the following words: origin, original or originality. Is the meaning much the same in each example or are there significant differences? Briefly comment on your findings. Meaning of origin, original and originality   The origin of the world is unknown The origin of the river Rhine is far away in the Alps The artist was…

Part Two – Assignment 2: Reflection on tutor’s feedback

I received from my new tutor my annotated essay back with some heads-up questions to discuss in our upcoming tutorial. It seems that I improved my assignment  work and approach. Mostly good points but also open questions related to Modernist, Post-Modernist. I summarize here my reflection on annotated essay received as well as key bullet points from our tutorial. Overall,…

Antrum Platonicum - After: Cornelis Cornelisz. van Haarlem biographyPublished by: Hendrik Hondius I biography. Print made by: Jan Saenredam - http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?assetId=261145001&objectId=1490634&partId=1

Assignment 3: Brainstorming and Outline

Plato (Plátōn) 428/427 – 348/347 BC. Student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle, Plato was a Greek philosopher and founder of the ‘Academy in Athens’. Plato was a prolific intellectual who influenced Western philosophy, poltical theory, and even art till today. Aristotle, Aquinus and Kant would be on a similar level. The famous ‘Allegory of the Cave’ is part of book…

Stefan513593 - 'Self & Other' - no. 7

Bringing it together – Collaborative Work with SJF ‘Self & Others’

Bringing together and letting it go I am going to use #34 (the ‘monochrome’ English lady whose life hit hard on her) and #83 (the Welsh lady in Saudi Arabia feeling homesick) as here I’ve seen multiple images and pre-composites already from SJ and L. The above photograph by SJ from 07 July works good here (although I don’t know…

Alain Egyptian Life Class. Drawing by Alain (1955, 1983) by The New Yorker Magazine, Inc.

Part Three – Exercise 3.3: Meta-Pictures

Find and collate 10 diverse examples of meta-painting from the 17th century to the present. End of last year till the beginning of this the Prado in Madrid featured an exhibition with the title Meta-painting. A Journey to the Idea of Art.  I didn’t attend but looking and reading the webpage was quite beneficial for this exercise on meta-painting. especially in…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - log - Presentation

Notes: Representation

While re-reading the course material (pp.72-74) I had some critical remarks on some statements. Presentation as related to presence in time and space: => This seems to be a rather a realist and materialistic perspective that the ‘model’ had to be physicially there with the artist. I would rather widen this perspective with the phenomenlogical term  ‘noema’ (Husserl etc.) that…

Notes: Speculative Realism and OOO – a new shift in Art?

In the last issue of Elephant magazine (issue 31, Summer 2017) was an demanding article by Ben Eastham about a new focus in art on objects and materiality in art. After the detour in the ‘virtual’, non-materiality of digital and internet world, ‘things’ and physical objects are considered again as the new contemporary expression. The author argued that collectors were…

Fig. 2: Martin Irvine: Visual Culture Map (2005-2011)- http://faculty.georgetown.edu/irvinem/CCT510/VisualCulture-TheoryMap-Disciplines.html

Part Three – Exercise 3.2: Art and/or Visual Culture

Do you think art is and will remain a distinct category or is it best seen as a species of visual culture? List reasons for and against a distinct category. How many ways could ‘best seen as’ be understood? Aesthetically, morally, socially? An academic overview: I do feel that Visual Culture as studies of humanities and social studies are related…

Stefan513593 - 3.1 - Similarities and Differences-log1

Part Three – Exercise 3.1: Emerson / Searle

Can you see a connection between Emerson’s remarks and the view expressed by Searle in chapter one? Where do their views overlap and where do they differ? You could address this in three columns – one for each author either side of a column of similarities. The differences will be those points that are not similarities. “No truth can be…

Notes: Education in post-factual times

In scope of the current course topics, I looked at a recent article in the Swiss newspaper NZZ (17 June 2017) about ‘Education in a post-factual era (Schule im postfaktischen Zeitalter)’ The German author Reinhardt refers to an agreement in German education system from 1976, the Beutelsbach Consensus where the role of the teacher was articulated: Prohibition against overwhelming the student, Treating controversial…

Stefan513593 - 'Self & Other' - no.4

Sketches: Collaborative Work with SJF ‘Self & Others’

My sketches on six character features, written reponses on an online survey conducted by SJ as the preparation for her work. She asked me to contribute and to sketch or paint the inner worlds of those people, people that I don’t know and only have read the written responses.  All done in charcoal (last one plus crayon) on A3 paper.…

Notes: Postmodern truth and political conditions

  “Truth is what your contemporaries let you get away with” – Robert Rorty In the scope of part 3 and its focus on Postmodernism I found an article in the Swiss newspaper Neue Zuricher Zeitung spot on in the discourse on language, reality and truth. The article by the German writer Karl-Heinz Otto (b. 1937) appeared already on 19…

Stefan513593_Aftermath - assignment 2 - contemporary clusters

Aftermath A2 – Cluster presentions of contemporary art and its relationship with ‘Surrogates’

In the aftermath of my assignment work for part 2 and while searching for ‘Surrogates’ appropriations I came across a contemporary art practice. More and more I do see images online and in galleries and museums where pictures are hanging as grid, as cluster (more or less structured and presenting thus to the viewer a ‘meta-picture’ . The amount of…

Part Two – Assignment 2: Self Evaluation

My self-evaluation against the assessment criteria Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding After the first part of this course I went through a learning curve in understanding how to address course work and assignment essay. Intense reading plan, not that I was not able to cover this completely, and interrogation with primary and secondary sources, books and journal, as well…

Part Two – Assignment 2: Plaster Surrogates

Look at Allan McCollum’s work Plaster Surrogates shown at the beginning of this chapter and explain its relationship to Modernist art and theory. To address this question you should first familiarize yourself with the work by looking at the different ways it is displayed in a gallery. Also give due consideration to the title as well as the medium and…

Stefan513593 - UVC - Assignment 2 - Reality of Art

Assignment 2 Preparation: Developing arguments – draft state

This part is based on my initial brainstorming and outline, my prepatory researches on Allan McCollum’s work, art history of the ‘Monochrome‘ and the relationship to today’s visual culture and appropriation of McCollum’s ‘Surrogates’. Further I leveraged my learning from the coursework of ‘Modernism Explained’ One way I do see the evolution of painting: from the Albertian perspective as painting…

CHECK: Planned reading list for Part 2: March – May 2017

My plan for reading on Part 2 and Modernism: General:  Mirzoeff ‘Visual Culture reader’ – OPEN Sturken, Cartwright ‘Practices of Looking’  –PARTLY Specific C. Butler ‘Modernism – A Very Short Introduction’ DONE D. Cottington ‘Modern Art – A Very Short Introduction’ DONE F. Frascina, C. Harrison (eds) ‘Modern Art and Modernism: A Critical Anthology’ –PARTLY Wood, Frascina, Harris, Harrison (eds) ‘Modernism in…

Collaborative Work with Sarah-Jane Field ‘Self & Others’

Background: On 2 June 2017, fellow student Sarah-Jane Field contacted me whether I would be interested in a collaborative project as part of her assignment work for ‘Self & Other’ (photography course with OCA, level 5). I found this a terrific idea, as myself am wondering about me self-perception and inter-subjectivity. My interest was triggered as part of my level…

Cluster pictures - by Timothy Goodman - tapetenteam.de

Assignment 2 Preparation: The Spectator and the Simulacra

Here I am collecting loosely found images and texts related to visual perception of pictures in social and cultural context, more related to today’s visual environment rather than the 1980s. Relating this to Allan McCollum’s ‘Surrogates’ in a kind of visual confirmation of the alienated appeal of pictures as a situational background ‘noise’. In context of my earlier reference –…

Stefan513593 - Assignment2 - monochrome - log pages

Assignment 2 Preparation: Monochrome in Art History

Part of the assignment is looking at the relationship of Allan McCollum’s ‘Surrogates’ and the monochrome painting that were created since Kazimir Malevich’s ‘Black Square’, 1915. I am not looking at monochrome paintings that are done with one or two hues only or the grisaille technique that was essential as part of chiarosuro and ‘illusionstic’ painting in art history. Here…

Stefan513593 - Assignment2 - Allan McCollum - log images - 2

Assignment 2 Preparation: Allan McCollum, Surrogates and his time

In preparation of my assignment with Allan McCollum-s ‘Plaster Surrogates’ as subject matter I am looking here more into the artist McCollum and his time in art and culture. For this purpose, I created a Pinterest board with collection of Allan McCollum’s works as well as with other assignment relevant images (e.g. ‘Monochrome’, cultural images) I describe here in the…

Stefan513593 - Assignment2 - Brainstorming and outline

Assignment 2 Preparation: Brainstorming and Outline

“In the hyperreality of pure simulacra, then, there is no more imitation, duplication, or parody.” – Jean Baudrillard   Understanding the assignment question and brainstorming ideas and keywords: remark: with support Inspiration® template Online images of Allan McCollum ‘Plaster Surrogates’: available from : ‘Collection Of Forty Plaster Surrogates‘, 1982 ‘Collection of Two Hundred Plaster Surrogates‘, 1982/1983-85 ‘Plaster Surrogates‘, 1982/84. Installation: Cash/Newhouse…

Notes: Impact of photography and reality

“We cannot claim to have really seen anything before having photographed it”  – Emile Zola In the context of my recent investitgation of reality, modern art, flatness and subjective perception, I I was wondering why Greenberg did not mention in his most known essays (‘Avant-Garde and Kitsch’, ‘Modernist Painting’, and ‘After Abstract Expressionism’) the medium of photography. What does photography make…

Notes: Tutor change

OCA office notified me two weeks ago about a tutor change for this course. My previous tutor went on maternity leave and now I was assigned to Peter Haveland. I know him from the OCA discuss forum quite well and I am excited that he became my new tutor. I had yesterday a short google hangout with him to get acquainted…

The Repatriation of the White Cube – the CATPC in Congo

While reading the Dutch newspaper NRC from 27 April 2017, I came across an image of white cube with Afrian people around. I was curious to know more about this. My recent research on modern art and the rise of MoMA as an influential cultural institution that led the art world since Alfred Barr’s curated exhibition of ‘Cubism and Abstract Art’…

Stefan513593 - Dana Schutz 'Open Casket', 2016 - Exhibition and Spectacle

Exhibition and Spectacle: Dana Schutz at Whitney Biennial

The Swiss newspaper NZZ (4 April 2017) as well as plenty of other global media reported on the recent protest at the Whitney Biennial. Focus point was the painting ‘Open Casket’ (2016) by Dana Schutz. An American artist who is known for at times grotesque figurative paintings in a gestural and abstract approach. The point of departure of the protest…

Notes: Avant-Garde

Pages from my paper log – clips and others.     What are key aspects of Avant-Garde? For answering this question I looked up what Greenberg said in his essay ‘Avant-Garde and Kitsch (Greenberger, 1988, p.5-22) as well reading the short introduction on Modern Art by Cottington (Cottington, 2005), that I found a fantastic overview on Modern Art. Avant-Garde art and…

Stefan513593- 2.0 - words for modern art

Part Two – Exercise 2.0: The Modern in Painting and Sculpture

Find two paintings and one sculpture, each of which appears concerned with modernity, modernism and modernization. Indicate the relevant features on annotated reproductions. The following questions should help. Does the subject seem to be of its time?  Does the work or its subject matter appear mechanical?   Does the artist exploit the look of the medium?   How hard it…

Notes: How to improve my assignment work

Key topics from my intense reading of study skills materials on critical thinking and essay planning and writing (OCA, Palgrave Study Skills, and an assignment planner from Kent University): Plan properly my reading and writing time Go through a structured essay plan for assignment works (Fig. 1): 1. Understanding the question (academic key words!), brainstorming ideas and develop a working…

Stefan513593 - Visual images in protest and propaganda - 2

Visual images and ‘Advertisment’ in political protest

A provocative banner placed anonymously on the Bundesplatz in Bern, Switzerland resulted in a nationwide shock and a drastic response from the depicted person (Erdogan, Turkey). The established and trustworthy Swiss newspaper NZZ wrote an article about it on 28 March 2015 (Gemperli, 2017). The main topic was a banner in public space in the capital of Switzerland during a political demonstration…

Charlie Chaplin 'Modern Times', 1936

Notes: Modernity, Modernization and Modernism

And I will show something different from either Your shadow in the morning striding behind you Or your shadow at evening rising to meet you, I will show you fear in a handful dust T.S. Eliot – ‘Waste Land’ Definition of ‘Modern*’ What is the uniqueness of modern art and modernism? Before embarking on my first exercise of this part…

Part One – Assignment 1: Reflection on tutor’s feedback

Full tutor report available at: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B01FNjP84PHhQUxtMm1NNkdaSU0 (access to be requested) The first time for me to receive feedback on a purely academic course unit. It took a while for me to digest and to reflect on the report, to see where I am now and where I need to go. First, it took me off the hook but now I can see…

Shigetaka Kurita 'NTT DOCOMO. Emoji (original set of 176)' 1998–99

Emoji: A reflection on daily visual language

Attracted by an article in the Swiss newspaper NZZ from March 24, 2017. As quite typical for media the title is challenging and perhaps unsettling ‘Wenn der Schleier zum Emoji wird (When the veil becomes an emoji). Starting point of that article is the submission of en emoji proposal by a Saudi teenager living in Germany who felt that she with her…

Part One – Assignment 1: Self Evaluation

My self evaluation against the assessment criteria Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding During the exercises and assignment work I tried to look at different perspectives and how some others are seeing those topics. At the moment I do not having enough exposure to art theory to place my argumentation in a general context. However, because of my two previous and…

Part One – Assignment 1: The Innocent Eye or Perspective

Part A Look at the painting ‘The Innocent Eye Test’ by Mark Tansey (below). The phrase ‘the innocence of the eye’ was coined by the British critic John Ruskin in 1857: The whole technical power of painting depends on our recovery of what may be called the innocence of the eye; that is to say, of a sort of childish…

Part One – Exercise 1.5 Construction and Reality

Reflecting on Searle’s observation at the beginning of this chapter, how would you explain the difference between the construction of social reality and the social construction of reality? A question that turns my head. Feels like so semantically driven. To digest it, firstly I was wondering about the term ‘reality’ and how it is defined. Looking up in popular dictionaries:…

Part One – Exercise 1.4 Digital Art

What do you understand by the phrase ‘digital art’? List the possible meanings and indicate the one that you consider most viable. I have some subjective feelings and thoughts about this term as I am old enough to have personal experience with a less digital and internet  extended world. In general I could understand ‘digital’ quite technically as binary code versus…

Part One – Exercise 1.3 Art and Other Things

Before looking at the specific examples from the exercise I am wondering even more about What is Art?  Reading the course materials and some reference books it seems that art can not be defined accurately nowadays. Highly subjective and perhaps rather a social construction – an institutional fact as J. Searle would say, based on agreement, rules, and with an assigned status function of power…

Part One – Exercise 1.2 Theory or Not

Prior reflection: Before digging into the exercise I had to clarify for myself the base of differentiation of theory as such and theory based artwork. So what is theory in art? Or should I say theory of art interpretation? Should we differentiate science from social theory? Common theories are around social, feministic, or psychoanalytic interpretations. In the course material it is differentiated…

Stefan513593 - UVC 1.1 - Pareidolia - #1 - Bern, Switzerland

Part One – Exercise 1.1 Pareidolia

A) Look at the painting ‘The Eye of Silence‘ and see whether you can distinguish the intended from unintended faces. Which seem most ambiguous? The German born artist Max Ernst made the painting ‘The Eye of Silence‘ during World War II (1943-4) while living in exile in the USA. Ernst was one of surrealist artists who were influenced by S. Freud’s notion…

Part One – Exercise 1.0 The Construction of Social Reality

In his book ‘The Construction of Social Reality’ John Searle writes ‘There are portions of the real world, objective facts in the world, that are only facts by human agreement. In a sense there are things that exist only because we believe them to exist. … things like money, property, governments, and marriages. Yet many facts regarding these things are…

Expected learning outcome and assessment criteria

Before embarking and plumbing into the course I want to make sure that I understand the expected learning outcome and the core criteria for assessment, that I hopefully will pass successful and still this year (heading for Nov assessment) Course learning outcome Demonstrate a degree of fluency with selected theories Debate the autonomy of art Explain the concept of ‘difference’…