Assignment 5 submitted – UVC finished

My coursework for my third and last level HE 4 is now finished. My last assignment essay brought me in contact with a for me very new territory: video installation and cinema films. The question of difference challenged me to look beyond the obvious and to explore deeper levels of consciousness and spatioptemporal experience. An exciting journey. This course will be assessed next March, still some work to do before. Now awaiting my tutor feedback and enrolling onto my next level.

Reflection on my course journey Dec17

Now, with the final assignment done, I feel well prepared for my next level and way forward. I think I got a good understanding of modernist and post-modernist conceptions and theories, of some key philosophical theories, especially deeper insight in Plato, Derrida, Deleuze, and with some good insight in Foucault, Lacan, Kant, Bergson, Ranciere, Bourriaud and others. I was intrigued…

Part Five – Assignment 5: Self Evaluation

My self-evaluation against the assessment criteria Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding Broad and comparative understanding of subject content, knowledge of the appropriate historical, intellectual, cultural or institutional contexts. The fifth and last assignment brought me in contact with video and moving images. A territory I honestly had no clue about in the…

Part Five – Assignment 5: Video Installations

In what ways do video installations differ from films shown in a cinema? List the physical differences and use these as evidence to explain the differences in experience and aesthetic appreciation. Think about the environment as well as the immediate space in which a film is shown. Consider the types of film and select an example for more detailed discussion.…

Part Five – Assignment 5: Developing Argumentation

Assignment task: In what ways do video installations differ from films shown in a cinema? List the physical differences and use these as evidence to explain the differences in experience and aesthetic appreciation.  Think about the environment as well as the immediate space in which a film is shown. Consider the types of film and select an example for more…

Reflection on my journey Nov17

Now, that I approach the end of ‘Understanding Visual Culture’ I am wondering where I am now compared to the beginning. After having finished drawing 1 and painting 1 alongside my decision to move from the Painting degree pathway to Fine Art degree pathway, it became clear that a more contextual situation of my own practice would be really beneficial.…

Part Four – Assignment 4: Reflection on tutor’s feedback and tutorial

Here my reflection on tutor report and tutorial for assignment 4 submission. The overall evaluation of my essay: Overall appraisal: My tutor acknowledged my assignment essay as a good assignment work => I am satisfied that my efforts and wider interrogation of the subject matter of the work of Michael Asher came across as a good approach. I didn’t focus…

Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller (2001) The Paradise Institute in: Uroskie, 2014:11

Part Five – Assignment 5: Rephrasing Question and Beginning of Argumentation

With my initial difficulties (too restrictive?) in understanding the assignment question and after receiving some clarification from my tutor and in the OCA Discuss Forum I decided to rephrase the assignment question to build my further argumentation on it: Initial question:  In what ways do video installations differ from films shown in a cinema? List the physical differences and use these…

Cinematic film, expanded cinema and site-specific experience

Reading the book Between the Black-Box and the White Cube: Expanded Cinema and Postwar Art by Uroskie (2014) as a preparatory exploration of the cinematic film and crossovers with post-modernist art. Cinematic experience and the conception of the expanded cinema in the 1960s was an influential cultural product on post-modernist art. Cinema films screened in movie theaters developed from a…

Notes: Art in relation, space as affirmation

Some further reading on contemporary art and a developing urgency to redefine art in a wider global and social context. With virtual encounters, online and a deeper migration sensibility, the question of space, place and encounter became more relevant in aesthetic experience and art as process. Key notes on art space as non-place (Osborne, 2001) Modernist Paradigm: A domination of…

Part Five – Exercise 5.5: Serra on Film

Watch Richard Serra’s films Hand Catching Lead and Boomerang. Familiarize yourself with his work and say why you think he made these films. “I think the significance of the work is in its effort, not in its intentions. And that effort is a state of mind, an activity, an interaction with the world…”  – Richard Serra Both videos embrace a temporal aspect.…

Richard Serra – Thinking on your feet (DVD)

“To see is to think” – Richard Serra During part 5 I was facing several times works by Richard Serra (Ex. 5.0, Ex.5.5, site specificity, Minimal Art). Thus. I was interested in watching a DVD documentary about his work in context of a major retrospective at MoMA. I’ve attached some film stills – knowing that Serra’s work can only truly be…

Contemporary Art – Slave of opposition ?!

I am noting down my thoughts, to release inner pressure, and to reflect on my journey throughout this course (not a statement, rather a verbal image): From all my reading and research I got the deep impression that with increasing self-critique as part of artist’s identity, the avant-garde in all its difference became just a struggle with defining itself. Greenberg…

Gute, C. (2011) Institutional Critique Flair Button

Part Five – Exercise 5.4: Institutional Audience

Does institutional critique presuppose an ‘insider’ audience requiring familiarity with artworld topics and issues or can it be understood by almost anyone spending an hour or two in a gallery? Institutional critique as part of conceptual art requires context. Context, not intrinsic in the object or work, relates to prevailing cultural conventions and knowledge. However, as the previous exercise has…

Video Art and Cinema

Exploration of difference of human experience   Art tradition Video art relates to the device (TV, videocamera) and the process (moving images). Videos or films can be shown in various venues and spaces, and even can be archived on mobile devices (e.g DVD, mp4 etc.). Nowadays, videos screened online are mostly streamed, i.e. the remote screening device is dislocated from…

Performance Art and Installation

Performance and installation art have in common that both are ephemeral forms as a new field of artistic experimentation and interrogation. In opposition to modernist paradigm of art as object as mobile commodity and to find new expression especially with Feminist movemen seeking for a different identity. The commodified art object was replaced by the artist’s action and intervention. Feminist…

Part Five – Exercise 5.2: Barr in Reverse

What would be the significance of reversing the arrows in Barr’s chart? Make two columns – one ‘forwards’ the other ‘back’. List as many relevant concepts as you are able to develop the contrast between the two columns. Feel free to ‘cheat’ with a thesaurus. I have to admit, I had some troubles with understanding and embracing the task of the…

Conceptual Art and Text – and what next

Questions Reading through the course material I got stuck with some questions and non-clear thoughts. I decided for a reading around the topics of conceptual art, minimal art, post-conceptual art and what we or the art world, consider as contemporary art. Some questions (page numbers referring to course material UVC, 2016): How can we differentiate between conceptual art as genre…

Part Five – Exercise 5.1: Kant Summary

Access a summary of Kant’s Critique of Judgement and select three key points that you should then further summarize in approx. 50 words each. www.sparknotes.com/philosophy/kant/section3.html   Key points selected [1] from Critique of Judgement by Immanuel Kant (1790)   1) The Beauty Aesthetic judgements of beauty are based on feeling of pleasure and depend on an interplay of imagination and understanding.…

Remark to Ex 5.1 Kant

In preparation of exercise 5.1 and to provide a very short summary of three key points of Kant’s ‘Critique of Judgment’ (Kritik der Urteilskraft) I need to take note of my approach and concerns: I selected as summary for the exercise the more extensive article by Ginsborg on the Plato Stanford Encyclopedia and took reference to the original German works by…

Part Five – Assignment 5: Brainstorm and Outline

In what ways do video installations differ from films shown in a cinema? List the physical differences and use these as evidence to explain the differences in experience and aesthetic appreciation. Think about the environment as well as the immediate space in which a film is shown. Consider the types of film and select an example for more detailed discussion.…

Parallel Project ‘Difference and Becoming’ – new site and link

From some discussions in the OCA forum as well as my own reflection on how to proceed with my parallel projects, I decided to create a separate wordpress site/blog dedicated to my current project ‘Difference and Becoming’ in context of Deleuze and the ‘ruin of representation’ (Olkowski) Here the link to my seperate site: https://differencebecoming.wordpress.com  I will keep in the menu…

Tilted Arc, Richard Serra, 1981, sculpture, steel, New York City (destroyed). Photo © 1985 David Aschkenas

Part Five – Exercise 5.0: Danto

Read the first three pages (at least) of Arthur Danto’s essay ‘Works of Art and Mere Real Things’ in his book The Transfiguration of the Commonplace. http://pcnw.org/files/Danto.pdf Then conduct your own ‘thought experiment’ by choosing a picture or object that is, or you can imagine to be, a work of art. Give this ‘work’ three or more different titles, then…

Part Four – Assignment 4: Self-Evaluation

My self-evaluation against the assessment criteria Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding Broad and comparative understanding of subject content, knowledge of the appropriate historical, intellectual, cultural or institutional contexts. With part three in the back, I was more prepared to tackle part four with the challenging topic of difference. Reading primary materials especially…

Part Four – Assignment 4: The Art of Difference and the Difference of Art

Given the nature of difference-in-itself, or what we have referred to as theoretical difference, it would be an error to say that it appears in some works and not others. It would also be an error to think that difference was the only thing a work had to offer. However, with some caution and a little licence, we can show…

Part Four – Assignment 4: Refining Argumentation

Assignment task: Given the nature of difference-in-itself, or what we have referred to as theoretical difference, it would be an error to say that it appears in some works and not others. It would also be an error to think that difference was the only thing a work had to offer. However, with some caution and a little licence, we…

Stefan513593 - assignment 4 - preparation - Asher - Claire Copley, 1974 -revised

Part Four – Assignment 4: Difference in perspectives and finding potential

Given the nature of difference-in-itself, or what we have referred to as theoretical difference, it would be an error to say that it appears in some works and not others. It would also be an error to think that difference was the only thing a work had to offer. However, with some caution and a little licence, we can show…

Stefan513593 - Asher - space contraction

Preparation A4: Michael Asher Claire Copley Gallery, 1974

Claire Copley Gallery, 1974 Related to my previous researches on Asher’s other works and context of Minimal Art, conceptual art and institutional critique. The removal of the partition wall between exhibition space and space of operations, the restoration of one integrated gallery space with display standards (i.e. all walls white, no discontinuity visible) but without and artworks on display, and…

Stefan513593 -life cyle art

Preparation A4 – Space, conceptual art and institutional critique

Michael Asher’s work in the Claire Copley Gallery (1974) addressed the gallery space as artwork from a perceptual and a social context perspective. As seen before it is important for the reception of any artwork to consider the historical context as well as the social and art theory context of his time. Otherwise, when looking backwards one may be biased…

Notes on Creativity

Christian Lloyd, OCA tutor for visual communication, illustration and creative arts, mentioned in the discuss forum his work on writing the new HE4 level course unit ‘Visual Dynamics’. He asked for some student (or tutor) contributions from a range of different disciplines and levels, providing a few general questions about our creative process (to be rephrased and /or annotated with images).…

Parallel project: Further drawings on ‘Difference and Becoming’ (5)

After my smaller experiments on board with charcaol and shellac starting with abstract ground and eventually ended in discernible shapes and forms (with various responses from others) , I continued my journey on Deleuze’s path of exploring at larger scale (around 60-70 x 30 cm, thick matting paper). #07: Shellac and charcoal powder on paper (32 x 60 cm) – Fig.…

Film ‘The Visual Language fo Herbert Matter’

Its’ not what you look at that matters, it’s what you see – Henri David Thoreau A film about the perhaps not so well known Swiss graphic designer and photographer Herbert Matter (1907-1984). The film ‘The Visual Language of Herbert Matter‘ captures as a visual story and documentary the life of Herbert Matter from his birthplace Engelberg in Switzerland to…

Preparation A4 – Michael Asher’s works and key concepts

Asher’s Work in the 1970s Michael Asher (1943- 2012), an American Conceptual Artist from Los Angeles, was and is considered as one of the founder of ‘Institutional Critique’.  A. Fraser (2011) looked specifically at the context of artists as Daniel Buren, Hans Haacke, Marcel Broodthaers, and Michael Asher and their influence of the conceptual critique of Modernist institutions. Asher’s works…

Deleuze, Hegel, Difference and Master/Slave Dialectic – Confusion Entangled

On recognition  – a resolved confusion: Difference not as negation but as an unrecognized and unrecognizable difference, a difference affirmative in itself. – Deleuze (Williams, 2001:170) and Hegel stated further that (WIlliams, 2001:171): ‘Sublated contradiction is no abstract identity, for that is itself only one side of the contradiction. When we say that ground us the unity of identity and difference,…

Parallel project: Drawings related to Deleuze ‘Difference and Repetition’ (4)

Based on initial gound preparation I continued with differentiation. My further markings describing differences, between each other and in itself. Without any preconceived idea of form I followed intuitively the ‘voice’ of the ground.   All drawing in charcoal, and/or ink, and/or shellac and/or acrylic paint on baord 24x18cm:   What happened?  My initial undifferentiated grounds, with random marks through…

Part Four – Assignment 4: Brainstorm and Outline

After I decided which artwork I was going to use for my assignment, I went similar to my previous assignment through a step-by-step approach. Here my brainstorming results with some phrasing of concepts and working thesis for my essay: The paradox of difference – Artworks and institutions     and as pdf Main aspects related to difference: Institutational critique: difference…

'Drawing space', (c) StefanJSchaffeld, 2017

Parallel project: Communication with Jac Saorsa (3)

As mentioned in my earlier post, I found incidentally through TRACEY the work by Jac Saorsa, who worked on a project related to ‘Drawing out Deleuze’ and published a book (Narrating the catastrophe an artist’s dialogue with Deleuze and Ricoeur) as an interdisciplinary approach between art, humanities and philosophy. A book I got a copy and need to digest in…

Assignment 4 - course material page 112

Part Four – Preparation for Assignment 4: Research and Refining selection

Based on my initial brainstorming, outline and further reading here my plan for argumentation What do I know of the six image? Before selecting the one for my essay I am going to look at all six artworks in chronological order, perhaps to see certain development in art history. Images collected for A4 on my Pinterest board for this assignment (https://www.pinterest.com/sjschaffeld/uvc-a4/):…

More reflection on Deleuze and multiplicity of Ideas

My tutor suggested to read the essay by John Protevi, an esssay that the author called a ‘Preparing to learn’. Most of the aspects explored in the essay are not new to me and are a comprehensive summary of Deleuze Difference and Repetition. However, there were two points that seem to me important to capture: The underlying concept of multiplicity…

Part Three – Assignment 3: Reflection on tutor’s feedback and tutorial

Overall evaluation: Today, after receiving a short and comprehensive formative feedback, I had a video tutorial with my tutor. My tutor annotated my essay with, as he described it, ‘provocative rather than critical’ comments and questions. The main point is ‘to raise competing ideas wherever possible to keep my thinking’ going. I am very glad for such thought-provoking input. Not…

'Drawing space', (c) StefanJSchaffeld, 2017

Parallel project: First moves on the ‘rising ground’ (2)

Working with shellac solution (lac, self-made) , charcoal (powder and stick), black ink. Using decalcomania technique for ‘transfer of ground’. All work on canvas board or matting board. Deleuze speaks of raising the ground (see exercise) and the nomadic nomos, as the decentralized multiplicity of viewpoints, an ungrounded ‘chaos’ in the sense that there is not any longer one dictating…

Olkowski – Deleuze and the Ruin of Representation 

In parallel to my readind of Deleuze Differnce and Repetiton, I started to read Olkowski’s book on Deleuze and the ‘Ruin of Representation’. Ruin of Representation Not having read it yet completely, I was pleasant surprised to see how the author critically interrogates feminist critiques of Deleuze (and his co-writer at times Guattari) and suggests a different viewpoint in understanding…

'Soulscape #022', (c) SJSchaffeld, 2013

Tracey Emin: Exploration of the Soul, 1994 – a personal reflection

Fellow student Catherine (#514913) brought to my attention the diaries by Tracey Emin in context of dealing with suffer, death and our reflection and feelings how we can (should, would) apply and use them of our own art making. Especially if those feelings are mediated through others e.g. patients. Tracey Emin (b. 1963) wrote 1994 over a time period of…

Parallel project: Drawings related to Deleuze ‘Difference and Repetition’ (1)

Over the last few days, I tried a different approach in my art practice parallel to this rather theoretical course, to experience how I could make visual sense out of my reading and researches. Visual decisions for mark making are not always conscious decisions, mostly not, and surely not to be considered as a 1-to-1 translation of philosophical thought into…

Margaret Olin: ‘Touching Photographs’

While interacting with fellow student Stephanie on her blog, she shared me with an article on signification of photography and photographs by Margaret Olin (2002). It’s about Roland Barthes and his ‘Mistaken Identification’ with photographs of his mother and aunt. Barthes description in Camera Lucida (1980) as a personal experience with old family photos is based on Peirce’s semiotics alongside…

'Drawing space', (c) StefanJSchaffeld, 2017

Deleuze: Difference and Repetition

In context of this part of the course and to understand better underlying theories and motivations, I decided to read, at least partly, some key texts by Gilles Deleuze (1925 – 1995). The following notes and reflections are based on Difference and Repetition (2017), focusing on the last chapter ‘Conclusion’. In parallel, I am reading Olkowski Gilles Deleuze and the Ruin of Representation,…

Firstness and Difference in Being

Initial challenge The course material (OCA, 2016, p.103) states that the first can only be compared if a second and third etc. is present, exists.  I am a bit confused by the argumentation and need therefore to reflect on this and to put it into context (of everyday life and theory of difference) The comparison of Newman text‘s of the ‘original…

The Primitive and the Authentic

Modern art and the primitive The course materials mentioned briefly the ‘primitive’ and the influence of it on Western modern art as a search for basics and simple authenticity. Tribal art and especially exotic tribal art was attractive to artists in the late 19th century. Inspired by anthropology, natural science e.g. Darwin, and circulation of Japanese wood prints artists as…

Part Four – Exercise 4.2: Newman Summary

Read the text of Newman’s essay in Art in Theory and write a short summary (200 words) http://art310-f11-hoy.wikispaces.umb.edu/file/view/The+First+Man+was+an+Artist Summary: Barnett Newman ‘The First Man was an Artist’, 1947 (Newman, 2003)  Newman argues against the expansion of science into a ‘theological way of life’ and criticizes science for its ignoring its roots of a scientific inquiry in finding proof through asking…

Galaxus- advertisement - Switzerland - Sep 2017

Postmodern advertisement

To commute these days in Switzerland with public transportation makes one aware of a recent advertisement campaign by the Swiss electronic seller Galaxus. Galaxus is the ‘Amazon’ in Switzerland. Switzerland is a small country and sellers and chains are still Swiss origin rather than international global companies. Migros and Coop were and are the main food market chains, nowadays challenged…

Minard, C. J. (1869) Cartes Figurative des Pertes successives en Hommes de l’Armée Francaise dans la campange de Russie 1812-13

Part Four – Exercise 4.1: Barr’s Information System

Look again at Alfred Barr’s chart for Cubism and Abstract Art and say briefly how it might be understood as information in a system. Briefly compare it to Minard’s map (previous). Barr’s chart is an infographic of Abstract Art built on symbolic words for avant-garde art movements that are compared and contrasted by similarities and distinctions. The system is language…

Stefan513593 - Part 4 - Meaning, Difference and Information

Meaning and Difference

I already figured out that some aspects will be challenging in this part. Reading through the course material once, making notes and preparing the next exercise, I stumbled over a few statements in the course material that I really didn’t understand well. A few quotes (Open College of the Arts, 2016): ‘Resemblance accounts for difference by degree – visual difference,…

Part Four – Exercise 4.0: Compare and Contrast

Look at the two paintings above and account for their similarities and differences in three columns – one for each artist – Millet and van Gogh – either side of a column for similarities. Indicate the differences by underlining the appropriate description in the outer columns.   Jean-François Millet (1814 – 1875) was a French painter and founder of the…

OCA Student Handbook

Today, I received the new student handbook for studying with UCA/OCA.  When I came to page 32, I couldn’t believe to see a very familiar image. I am featured with my UVC blog as an example for how to build an online learning log. I was so happy and proud to be referenced  😊😃     Reference: University for the…

Part Four – Preparation for Assignment 4: Understanding question

Given the nature of difference-in-itself, or what we have referred to as theoretical difference, it would be an error to say that it appears in some works and not others. It would also be an error to think that difference was the only thing a work had to offer. However, with some caution and a little licence, we can show…

Part Four – Difference – initial confrontation

What is difference? Blue is not red and you are not me. But is that all how we can define difference? Dictionaries consider as synonyms for difference words as: distinction, dissimilarities, dissimilitude, distance, contrast, disagreement, diversity etc. I became aware that difference is more and deeper. Differences in the form of binaries were and are at times used to support ideology…

Part Three – Assignment 3: Self Evaluation

My self-evaluation against the assessment criteria Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding. Broad and comparative understanding of subject content, knowledge of the appropriate historical, intellectual, cultural or institutional contexts. I continued my research approach from part 2 and to read around the course work, looking at current topics in newspapers and journal as…

Stefan513593 - Prep Assignment3 - Plato - Simile of the Cave

Assignment 3: Allegory of the Cave – Final

Here my final assignment essay about the validity of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave total word count (without content list, header, header quotes, footnotes, and bibliography) : 1593   as pdf document: pdf     Reflection: After my draft essay, peer review and some further thoughts I decided to completely re-write my essay. I kep a few aspects from my…

Assignment 3 Preparation: Refining argumentation

Based on feedback received (Peer review reflection) on my draft essay and with deeper reflection on what I want to say (position statements). Alongside the need for ruthless editing down and also to reject aspects that I personally find intriguing but not the most relevant,  I refined my statement, conclusion and argumentation. As planned in my reflection: Starting my with position…

Assignment 3: Peer review and reflection on responses

I posted my draft essay for peer review and received valuable and diverse feedback. The forum thread is available from: https://discuss.oca-student.com/t/draft-essay-for-uvc-assignment-3/5453?u=stefan513593 Some feedbacks were direct, some indirect, some did reflect themselves  on the question, and some were inspired to read even Plato’s text.  I very much appreciated having this opportunity and I am grateful for those people who took the time…

Stefan513593 - Prep Assignment3 - Plato - Sketch of modern cave

Assignment 3 Preparation: Developing arguments – draft state

The assignment task was to review the relevance of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave in today’s society. I looked at a wider scope of Plato’s motivation and Platonism in a cultural and philosophical background. Possible ways of answering where provided in the course material (guidance or restrictions?) by living in the dark, collective manipulation and resemblance of shadows with television…

Preparation A3 – Reality experience and embodied meaning

Introduction My research so far left me with an unsettling feeling that all theorists from Plato to Deleuze, the structuralists and post-structuralists were very much looking from a logocentric perspective. The tradition was based on the concept that language and writing followed ideas, other as the structuralists were taken the positions that meaning is the effect of language (Belsey, 2002,…

Stefan513593 - Prep Assignment3 - Plato - Simile of the Cave

Preparation A3 – Allegory of the Cave

My working thesis Reality perception a question of power  I looked at Plato and The Republic alongside the Simile of the Sun and the Divided Line in a previous post Here I will take the essence from the Allegory of the Cave, as part of my brainstorming and initial essay outline I read it once. I figured out that through…

Preparation A3 – Plato and a dualistic philosophy / The Republic

Plato (around 428  BC – around 348 BC) was student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle and founder of the Academy in Athens. I wanted to understand more about the motivation and rationale behind Plato’s Politeia (The Republic). What was the background for him and what the idea that made him to write the Allegory of the Cave? As Deleuze…

CHECK: Planned reading list for part 3: June-July 2017

Important for understanding and introduction Pooke, Newall Art History: The Basics (Chapter 4 ‘Semiotics and poststructuralism’)  – Done Christopher Butler Postmodernism – Very Short Introduction – Done C. Freeland Art Theory – Very Short Introductio‘ – in progress C. Belsey Poststructuralism – Very Short Introduction – Done D. Chandler Semiotics – the basics – Done Bryson, Holly, Mosey Visual Theory – in progress Relevant for coursework…

Preparation A3 – Reality in film, between fiction and manipulation

In preparation for my assignment essay with regards to ‘shadows’ of reality on screens (TV, cinema) and the way we perceive or conceive reality, facts, and truth, I want to look on another category of visual culture: Documentary and Reality TV and how those provide us with illusions or delusions “Mirror with a Memory” – O. W. Holmes Holmes notion on photography…

‘The Matrix’

It is quite some time ago since I’ve seen Matrix the last time. Actually, I cannot recall it. The film is mentioned in the course material relating to simulacrcum and articulate intelligence with some relations to Plato’s cave and Baudrillard’s rather dystopian description of simulacrum reality. I was curious to see what to take from it. One aspect became very…

Part Three – Exercise 3.9: House: Indexical Sign

In what sense is Whiteread’s House indexical and why does this matter for an interpretation of the work? Would someone overlooking this feature be wrong or would that simply be a different interpretation? “A politically embarrassing monument to an impoverished history and standing in the way of the construction of a less threatening green space.” – S. Thacker Introduction Sarah…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - Representation matrix extended (Mitchell, 1987)

Preparation A3 – Representation (2)

Based on my previous reflections on Representation I researched more and read Mitchell’s argumentation on iconology (Mitchell, 1987) as I find it most relevant in understanding Plato’s Allegory of the Cave. How do we make image of objects? What is representation, what imagination, what illusion? How do we know what is real? It gave me some better understanding to see where…

Part Three – Exercise 3.8: Nature is Culture

What does it mean to say nature is culture? Can there be one without the other? What would it be like? Look up the term ‘binary opposition’ – does this apply to nature and culture? Write this in three paragraphs – for, against and a conclusion. In preparation for this argumentation and with deeper exploration of related topics see my preparatory…

Preparational thoughts for Exercise 3.8: Nature is Culture / Binary opposites, signs and meaning

Binary opposites, sign, representation and meaning  When people see things as beautiful, ugliness is created. When people see things as good, evil is created. Being and non-being produce each other. Difficult and easy complement each other. Long and short define each other. High and low oppose each other. Fore and aft follow each other. Tao Te Ching Binary oppositions: A…

Part Three – Exercise 3.7: Jeff Koons and Simulacrum

Write a paragraph on a single work by Koons according to what you understand of the simulacrum. (400 words) For this exercise I choose one of the most famous sculptures by Jeff Koons from his series Banality from 1988. The main reason for selection was that I find it tremendously ambiguous and coherent the same time – as if the…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - Meaning and attribution

Part Three – Exercise 3.6: Misrepresentation

Reflect on this last sentence in as many words as necessary to form your own judgement. ‘One cannot say the world is socially constructed and say there are misrepresentations.’ “Postmodern knowledge is not simply a tool of the authorities; it refines our sensitivity to differences and reinforces our ability to tolerate the incommensurable.” –  J.-F. Lyotard Introduction: How to read…

Preparatary notes for Exercise 3.6: Misrepresentations

Conditions for Critical Thinking In an earlier post on the relativism in context of ‘fake news’ and divergent opinions and the challenges in postmodern education I reflected an article in the Swiss newspaper NZZ (Otto, 2017) – click here. This seems to be quite spot on the for my answer of the question of misrepresentations in a socially constructed world. Postmodern…

SJSchaffeld (2017) Prayers's Rock, pencil and pen on paper (A4)

Artificial Intelligence – Amendment Exercise 3.5

After posting my last exercise work on Artificial versus Human Intelligence I read in the last issus of Smithsonian an article about the technology center in Korea (Shteyngart, 2017).  Seoul, the capital of South Korea, with nearly half of the population living in the 25 Million metropol. A country addicted to the sense of perfection as the hero in the TV show …

Fig. 1: The graph depicts the uncanny valley, the proposed relation between the human likeness of an entity and the perceiver's affinity for it.

Part Three – Exercise 3.5: Artificial Intelligence

Does the prospect of artificial intelligence make us doubt the authenticity of human intelligence or is it forever a copy or fake version of human intelligence? Give reasons for both arguments. If you have the opportunity watch the film Bladerunner as a fictional account of the problem. Look up the term ‘uncanny valley’ as another prompt to thought. What a…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - Comparision Modernism and Postmodernism

Modernism versus Postmodernism in Art

A visual comparision of Modernism and Postmodernism. Most taken from Butler (2002). Surprised that a few aspects are shared between both     Conclusion: Postmodernism is not an era that followed chronologically Modernism. A few aspects relevant for Postmodern theory occured already begin 20th century (Duchamp, Dada, Surrealism). Postmodernism is based on  multicultural pluralism and relativism Postmodernism can be seen…

Thoughts on Post-Modernism

“Meaning is generated by socially encoded and constructed discursive practices that mediate reality so much that they effectively close off access to it.” – Alun Munslow The following thoughts are my reflection related to the content described on Postmodernism by Sturken and Cartwright (2009, chapter 8) as well as by Butler (2002, chapter 1 and 2) Deconstruction and Jacques Derrida:…

Machinocene and artificial intelligence

It seems as if I am more sensible in reading articles in newspapers related to the coursework now. It  just happened that a few days after the ‘Transhumanism’ article appeared, I read in the Swiss newspaper NZZ (22  June 2017) an article by Eduard Kaeser, a scientist and philosopher, about ‘Auf der Schwelle zum Maschinozän / At the threshold towards machinocene‘…

Humanistic critique of Transhumanism

In scope of the course work and the question of artificial versus human intelligence I read recently an article in the Swiss newspaper NZZ (19  June 2017) about ‘Wider den Transhumanismus / Against Transhumanism‘ Transhumanism can be described as a movement aiming to transform human conditions of life by developing enhanced technologies. They consider this as an evolutionary development towards ‘posthuman’…

Stefan513593 - 'Self & Other' - photo

Project: Collaborative work with SJField on ‘Self & Other’

  “Self and other give birth to each other …[ ]… beyond separation one is always subscribed in the other…” – V. A. Conley, Helene Cisoux – Writing the Feminine, 1984   Here my contribution to the project work development, my reflection and further thoughts on responses by Sarah-Jane.     Copyright:  © SJField and SJSchaffeld, 2017. All images without caption:…

Part Three – Exercise 3.4: Origins

Write 10 sentences containing any of the following words: origin, original or originality. Is the meaning much the same in each example or are there significant differences? Briefly comment on your findings. Meaning of origin, original and originality   The origin of the world is unknown The origin of the river Rhine is far away in the Alps The artist was…

Part Two – Assignment 2: Reflection on tutor’s feedback and tutorial

I received from my new tutor my annotated essay back with some heads-up questions to discuss in our upcoming tutorial. It seems that I improved my assignment  work and approach. Mostly good points but also open questions related to Modernist, Post-Modernist. I summarize here my reflection on annotated essay received as well as key bullet points from our tutorial. Overall,…

Antrum Platonicum - After: Cornelis Cornelisz. van Haarlem biographyPublished by: Hendrik Hondius I biography. Print made by: Jan Saenredam - http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?assetId=261145001&objectId=1490634&partId=1

Assignment 3: Brainstorming and Outline

Plato (Plátōn) 428/427 – 348/347 BC. Student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle, Plato was a Greek philosopher and founder of the ‘Academy in Athens’. Plato was a prolific intellectual who influenced Western philosophy, poltical theory, and even art till today. Aristotle, Aquinus and Kant would be on a similar level. The famous ‘Allegory of the Cave’ is part of book…

Stefan513593 - 'Self & Other' - no. 7

Bringing it together – Collaborative Work with SJF ‘Self & Others’

Bringing together and letting it go I am going to use #34 (the ‘monochrome’ English lady whose life hit hard on her) and #83 (the Welsh lady in Saudi Arabia feeling homesick) as here I’ve seen multiple images and pre-composites already from SJ and L. The above photograph by SJ from 07 July works good here (although I don’t know…

Alain Egyptian Life Class. Drawing by Alain (1955, 1983) by The New Yorker Magazine, Inc.

Part Three – Exercise 3.3: Meta-Pictures

Find and collate 10 diverse examples of meta-painting from the 17th century to the present. End of last year till the beginning of this the Prado in Madrid featured an exhibition with the title Meta-painting. A Journey to the Idea of Art.  I didn’t attend but looking and reading the webpage was quite beneficial for this exercise on meta-painting. especially in…

Stefan513593 - Part 3 - log - Presentation

Representation

While re-reading the course material (pp.72-74) I had some critical remarks on some statements. Presentation as related to presence in time and space: => This seems to be a rather a realist and materialistic perspective that the ‘model’ had to be physicially there with the artist. I would rather widen this perspective with the phenomenlogical term  ‘noema’ (Husserl etc.) that…

Notes: Speculative Realism and OOO – a new shift in Art?

In the last issue of Elephant magazine (issue 31, Summer 2017) was an demanding article by Ben Eastham about a new focus in art on objects and materiality in art. After the detour in the ‘virtual’, non-materiality of digital and internet world, ‘things’ and physical objects are considered again as the new contemporary expression. The author argued that collectors were…

Fig. 2: Martin Irvine: Visual Culture Map (2005-2011)- http://faculty.georgetown.edu/irvinem/CCT510/VisualCulture-TheoryMap-Disciplines.html

Part Three – Exercise 3.2: Art and/or Visual Culture

Do you think art is and will remain a distinct category or is it best seen as a species of visual culture? List reasons for and against a distinct category. How many ways could ‘best seen as’ be understood? Aesthetically, morally, socially? An academic overview: I do feel that Visual Culture as studies of humanities and social studies are related…

Stefan513593 - 3.1 - Similarities and Differences-log1

Part Three – Exercise 3.1: Emerson / Searle

Can you see a connection between Emerson’s remarks and the view expressed by Searle in chapter one? Where do their views overlap and where do they differ? You could address this in three columns – one for each author either side of a column of similarities. The differences will be those points that are not similarities. “No truth can be…

Education in post-factual times

In scope of the current course topics, I looked at a recent article in the Swiss newspaper NZZ (17 June 2017) about ‘Education in a post-factual era (Schule im postfaktischen Zeitalter)’ The German author Reinhardt refers to an agreement in German education system from 1976, the Beutelsbach Consensus where the role of the teacher was articulated: Prohibition against overwhelming the student, Treating controversial…

Stefan513593 - 'Self & Other' - no.4

Sketches: Collaborative Work with SJF ‘Self & Others’

My sketches on six character features, written reponses on an online survey conducted by SJ as the preparation for her work. She asked me to contribute and to sketch or paint the inner worlds of those people, people that I don’t know and only have read the written responses.  All done in charcoal (last one plus crayon) on A3 paper.…

Stefan513593_Aftermath - assignment 2 - contemporary clusters

Aftermath A2 – Cluster presentions of contemporary art and its relationship with ‘Surrogates’

In the aftermath of my assignment work for part 2 and while searching for ‘Surrogates’ appropriations I came across a contemporary art practice. More and more I do see images online and in galleries and museums where pictures are hanging as grid, as cluster (more or less structured and presenting thus to the viewer a ‘meta-picture’ . The amount of…

Part Two – Assignment 2: Self Evaluation

My self-evaluation against the assessment criteria Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding After the first part of this course I went through a learning curve in understanding how to address course work and assignment essay. Intense reading plan, not that I was not able to cover this completely, and interrogation with primary and secondary sources, books and journal, as well…

Part Two – Assignment 2: Plaster Surrogates

Look at Allan McCollum’s work Plaster Surrogates shown at the beginning of this chapter and explain its relationship to Modernist art and theory. To address this question you should first familiarize yourself with the work by looking at the different ways it is displayed in a gallery. Also give due consideration to the title as well as the medium and…

Stefan513593 - UVC - Assignment 2 - Reality of Art

Assignment 2 Preparation: Developing arguments – draft state

This part is based on my initial brainstorming and outline, my prepatory researches on Allan McCollum’s work, art history of the ‘Monochrome‘ and the relationship to today’s visual culture and appropriation of McCollum’s ‘Surrogates’. Further I leveraged my learning from the coursework of ‘Modernism Explained’ One way I do see the evolution of painting: from the Albertian perspective as painting…

CHECK: Planned reading list for Part 2: March – May 2017

My plan for reading on Part 2 and Modernism: General:  Mirzoeff ‘Visual Culture reader’ – OPEN Sturken, Cartwright ‘Practices of Looking’  –PARTLY Specific C. Butler ‘Modernism – A Very Short Introduction’ DONE D. Cottington ‘Modern Art – A Very Short Introduction’ DONE F. Frascina, C. Harrison (eds) ‘Modern Art and Modernism: A Critical Anthology’ –PARTLY Wood, Frascina, Harris, Harrison (eds) ‘Modernism in…

Collaborative Work with Sarah-Jane Field ‘Self & Others’

Background: On 2 June 2017, fellow student Sarah-Jane Field contacted me whether I would be interested in a collaborative project as part of her assignment work for ‘Self & Other’ (photography course with OCA, level 5). I found this a terrific idea, as myself am wondering about me self-perception and inter-subjectivity. My interest was triggered as part of my level…

Cluster pictures - by Timothy Goodman - tapetenteam.de

Assignment 2 Preparation: The Spectator and the Simulacra

Here I am collecting loosely found images and texts related to visual perception of pictures in social and cultural context, more related to today’s visual environment rather than the 1980s. Relating this to Allan McCollum’s ‘Surrogates’ in a kind of visual confirmation of the alienated appeal of pictures as a situational background ‘noise’. In context of my earlier reference –…

Stefan513593 - Assignment2 - monochrome - log pages

Assignment 2 Preparation: Monochrome in Art History

Part of the assignment is looking at the relationship of Allan McCollum’s ‘Surrogates’ and the monochrome painting that were created since Kazimir Malevich’s ‘Black Square’, 1915. I am not looking at monochrome paintings that are done with one or two hues only or the grisaille technique that was essential as part of chiarosuro and ‘illusionstic’ painting in art history. Here…

Stefan513593 - Assignment2 - Allan McCollum - log images - 2

Assignment 2 Preparation: Allan McCollum, Surrogates and his time

In preparation of my assignment with Allan McCollum-s ‘Plaster Surrogates’ as subject matter I am looking here more into the artist McCollum and his time in art and culture. For this purpose, I created a Pinterest board with collection of Allan McCollum’s works as well as with other assignment relevant images (e.g. ‘Monochrome’, cultural images) I describe here in the…

Stefan513593 - Assignment2 - Brainstorming and outline

Assignment 2 Preparation: Brainstorming and Outline

“In the hyperreality of pure simulacra, then, there is no more imitation, duplication, or parody.” – Jean Baudrillard   Understanding the assignment question and brainstorming ideas and keywords: remark: with support Inspiration® template Online images of Allan McCollum ‘Plaster Surrogates’: available from : ‘Collection Of Forty Plaster Surrogates‘, 1982 ‘Collection of Two Hundred Plaster Surrogates‘, 1982/1983-85 ‘Plaster Surrogates‘, 1982/84. Installation: Cash/Newhouse…

Impact of photography and reality

“We cannot claim to have really seen anything before having photographed it”  – Emile Zola In the context of my recent investitgation of reality, modern art, flatness and subjective perception, I I was wondering why Greenberg did not mention in his most known essays (‘Avant-Garde and Kitsch’, ‘Modernist Painting’, and ‘After Abstract Expressionism’) the medium of photography. What does photography make…

Tutor change

OCA office notified me two weeks ago about a tutor change for this course. My previous tutor went on maternity leave and now I was assigned to Peter Haveland. I know him from the OCA discuss forum quite well and I am excited that he became my new tutor. I had yesterday a short google hangout with him to get acquainted…

The Repatriation of the White Cube – the CATPC in Congo

While reading the Dutch newspaper NRC from 27 April 2017, I came across an image of white cube with Afrian people around. I was curious to know more about this. My recent research on modern art and the rise of MoMA as an influential cultural institution that led the art world since Alfred Barr’s curated exhibition of ‘Cubism and Abstract Art’…

Stefan513593 - Dana Schutz 'Open Casket', 2016 - Exhibition and Spectacle

Exhibition and Spectacle: Dana Schutz at Whitney Biennial

The Swiss newspaper NZZ (4 April 2017) as well as plenty of other global media reported on the recent protest at the Whitney Biennial. Focus point was the painting ‘Open Casket’ (2016) by Dana Schutz. An American artist who is known for at times grotesque figurative paintings in a gestural and abstract approach. The point of departure of the protest…

Avant-Garde

Pages from my paper log – clips and others.     What are key aspects of Avant-Garde? For answering this question I looked up what Greenberg said in his essay ‘Avant-Garde and Kitsch (Greenberger, 1988, p.5-22) as well reading the short introduction on Modern Art by Cottington (Cottington, 2005), that I found a fantastic overview on Modern Art. Avant-Garde art and…

Stefan513593- 2.0 - words for modern art

Part Two – Exercise 2.0: The Modern in Painting and Sculpture

Find two paintings and one sculpture, each of which appears concerned with modernity, modernism and modernization. Indicate the relevant features on annotated reproductions. The following questions should help. Does the subject seem to be of its time?  Does the work or its subject matter appear mechanical?   Does the artist exploit the look of the medium?   How hard it…

How to improve my assignment work

Key topics from my intense reading of study skills materials on critical thinking and essay planning and writing (OCA, Palgrave Study Skills, and an assignment planner from Kent University): Plan properly my reading and writing time Go through a structured essay plan for assignment works (Fig. 1): 1. Understanding the question (academic key words!), brainstorming ideas and develop a working…

Stefan513593 - Visual images in protest and propaganda - 2

Visual images and ‘Advertisment’ in political protest

A provocative banner placed anonymously on the Bundesplatz in Bern, Switzerland resulted in a nationwide shock and a drastic response from the depicted person (Erdogan, Turkey). The established and trustworthy Swiss newspaper NZZ wrote an article about it on 28 March 2015 (Gemperli, 2017). The main topic was a banner in public space in the capital of Switzerland during a political demonstration…

Part One – Assignment 1: Reflection on tutor’s feedback

Full tutor report available at: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B01FNjP84PHhQUxtMm1NNkdaSU0 (access to be requested) The first time for me to receive feedback on a purely academic course unit. It took a while for me to digest and to reflect on the report, to see where I am now and where I need to go. First, it took me off the hook but now I can see…

Shigetaka Kurita 'NTT DOCOMO. Emoji (original set of 176)' 1998–99

Emoji: A reflection on daily visual language

Attracted by an article in the Swiss newspaper NZZ from March 24, 2017. As quite typical for media the title is challenging and perhaps unsettling ‘Wenn der Schleier zum Emoji wird (When the veil becomes an emoji). Starting point of that article is the submission of en emoji proposal by a Saudi teenager living in Germany who felt that she with her…

Part One – Assignment 1: Self Evaluation

My self evaluation against the assessment criteria Demonstration of subject based knowledge and understanding During the exercises and assignment work I tried to look at different perspectives and how some others are seeing those topics. At the moment I do not having enough exposure to art theory to place my argumentation in a general context. However, because of my two previous and…

Part One – Assignment 1: The Innocent Eye or Perspective

Part A Look at the painting ‘The Innocent Eye Test’ by Mark Tansey (below). The phrase ‘the innocence of the eye’ was coined by the British critic John Ruskin in 1857: The whole technical power of painting depends on our recovery of what may be called the innocence of the eye; that is to say, of a sort of childish…

Part One – Exercise 1.5 Construction and Reality

Reflecting on Searle’s observation at the beginning of this chapter, how would you explain the difference between the construction of social reality and the social construction of reality? A question that turns my head. Feels like so semantically driven. To digest it, firstly I was wondering about the term ‘reality’ and how it is defined. Looking up in popular dictionaries:…

Part One – Exercise 1.4 Digital Art

What do you understand by the phrase ‘digital art’? List the possible meanings and indicate the one that you consider most viable. I have some subjective feelings and thoughts about this term as I am old enough to have personal experience with a less digital and internet  extended world. In general I could understand ‘digital’ quite technically as binary code versus…

Part One – Exercise 1.3 Art and Other Things

Before looking at the specific examples from the exercise I am wondering even more about What is Art?  Reading the course materials and some reference books it seems that art can not be defined accurately nowadays. Highly subjective and perhaps rather a social construction – an institutional fact as J. Searle would say, based on agreement, rules, and with an assigned status function of power…

Part One – Exercise 1.2 Theory or Not

Prior reflection: Before digging into the exercise I had to clarify for myself the base of differentiation of theory as such and theory based artwork. So what is theory in art? Or should I say theory of art interpretation? Should we differentiate science from social theory? Common theories are around social, feministic, or psychoanalytic interpretations. In the course material it is differentiated…

Stefan513593 - UVC 1.1 - Pareidolia - #1 - Bern, Switzerland

Part One – Exercise 1.1 Pareidolia

A) Look at the painting ‘The Eye of Silence‘ and see whether you can distinguish the intended from unintended faces. Which seem most ambiguous? The German born artist Max Ernst made the painting ‘The Eye of Silence‘ during World War II (1943-4) while living in exile in the USA. Ernst was one of surrealist artists who were influenced by S. Freud’s notion…

Part One – Exercise 1.0 The Construction of Social Reality

In his book ‘The Construction of Social Reality’ John Searle writes ‘There are portions of the real world, objective facts in the world, that are only facts by human agreement. In a sense there are things that exist only because we believe them to exist. … things like money, property, governments, and marriages. Yet many facts regarding these things are…

Expected learning outcome and assessment criteria

Before embarking and plumbing into the course I want to make sure that I understand the expected learning outcome and the core criteria for assessment, that I hopefully will pass successful and still this year (heading for Nov assessment) Course learning outcome Demonstrate a degree of fluency with selected theories Debate the autonomy of art Explain the concept of ‘difference’…

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